Ablution before prayer is a common thing in almost all religions. It signifies the believer in purifying themselves of worldly desires as well as getting physically clean before presenting themselves before Allah. In Islam, it is called wudu and is performed before prayers. Following is the way in which you can perform proper wudu.
First comes the intentions. One must first make the intentions of doing wudu, which are as follows:
“اللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْنِي مِنَ التَّوَّابِينَ وَاجْعَلْنِي مِنَ الْمُتَطَهِّرِينَ”.
This translates to: “O Allah, make me among those who turn to You in repentance, and make me among those who are purified.”
Start by washing the hands properly. Take care to wash in between the fingers as well as the fingernails and above them. Wash them 3 times or until they are clean.
Rinse the mouth with water. Gargle to clear the throat. Repeat it 3 times or more, until the mouth and throat are cleared.
Clean the nose by putting some water into the nostrils and clearing them. Repeat it 3 times or until the nostrils are clear and clean.
Wash the face by gathering water in both palms and splashing it onto the face. Clean the chin, beard, and brow. Do not just splash the water. Also, rub your face to clean any embedded dirt. Repeat it 3 times.
Wash the arms up to the elbows. Use running water to cleanse them or splash water on them and clean properly if the water is short or you have injuries. Wash both arms up to the elbows 3 times.
Clean the head by running wet hands through hair. Then clean the ears and their insides with fingers. Clean the back and front of the neck.
Clean the feet by running water on them and wash them thoroughly, especially between the toes.